The intrauterine device or IUD, is a common birth control method used by women. It is a T- shaped device, which is placed by a doctor inside the uterus. This device stops sperm from reaching and fertilizing eggs by blocking the pathway to the ovaries. In the United States, we have four types of IUD’s.
- The hormonal IUD (Mirena, Liletta, Skyla): Prevents pregnancy by releasing small amounts of hormone progestin into your body. This type of IUD is not recommended to women who experience heavy periods, since it could cause heavier bleeding.
- The copper T IUD (PareGard): This type of IUD is hormone free. Copper has properties that trigger your immune system to prevent pregnancy. This type of IUD lasts longer than hormonal IUD’s.
What are the benefits of IUD’s?
- They are more than 99% effective
- They last for a long time (Liletta and Skyla last for 3 years, Mirena lasts for 5 years, and ParaGard lasts for 10 years)
- They are a safe option for women who are breastfeeding
- They are hassle-free, as once it is inserted, you do not have to worry about it
Who can use an IUD?
Most healthy women are eligible to use an IUD. It is especially recommended to women with a long term partner, since they are at low risk of getting an STD.
Who cannot use an IUD?
- If you have an STD or had a recent pelvic infection
- Pregnant women
- If you have cervix of uterus cancer
- If you experience unexplained vaginal bleeding
Are you interested in participating in a Birth Control IUD research study? See if you qualify for our study today!